how big was the napier earthquake 1931

However, there are 258 names on the earthquake memorial in Napier. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, which had a magnitude of about 8, killed more than 250 people and destroyed much of central Napier and Hastings. At 10.47am on 3 February 1931, a violent shock, followed closely by a second, rocked Hawke’s Bay for almost three minutes. A communal burial of the Napier victims took place on Thursday 5 February at Park Island Cemetery near Greenmeadows (McGregor, 1998) and, on the following Sunday, a Dominion wide "Day of Mourning" was declared (Wright, 2001). were feeling New Zealand’s worst earthquake at 7.8 on the Richter scale. Fifteen died at an old men’s home near Taradale, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the rubble three days later. Some of the greatest tragedies occurred as a result of collapsed masonry buildings - brick being the deadliest of materials in an earthquake - resulting in many deaths inside the Nurses' Home on the Hill, the 'old people's home', and the Technical College near Clive Square where 9 pupils were killed (H.B. On the same day the army set up a tent camp for 2500 people. People ran down Bridges and railway lines were broken and bent. - Before and After). How big and how long did the earthquake last for? The investiture to Commander Morgan was made by the Governor-General in the evening following the Auckland Regatta in January 1932. Burials of the dead also began in both Napier and Hastings. On this calm Tuesday morning in Hawke's Bay, the region was rocked by a devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake that violently shook for three minutes. Dec 12, 2013 - Highlights from the Photographic Collection of the 1931 Hawke's Bay Earthquake. Information contained has been assembled in good faith. In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. The Earthquake. Kitchens were set up at the Hastings Street, Marine Parade (for government officials only) and the Ahuriri Centres (Wright, 2001). NAPIER EARTHQUAKE 1931. 200. The Army also arrived reaching Napier slightly before the Navy. As buildings began to disintegrate, many people fled outdoors into a lethal rain of chunks from ornate facades, parapets and cornices. Some of the bios below were taken from this site The official death toll was 256 people who died in the magnitude 7.8 earthquake but there are 258 names on the memorial and this unofficial number is likely to be correct - 161 in Napier It wasn't until that afternoon that the fires finally died out and the destruction could be assessed (McGregor, 1998). Refugee camps were created around the North Island for women and children, who were encouraged to leave the region. Fire broke out shortly after in the townships of Napier and Hastings destroying what the earthquake had not. It woke me up it was an alarm clock for Napier today." Shelley and Ursula stand in front of land that used to be a lagoon until it was uplifted during the 1931 Napier earthquake. Buildings fell down and people were crushed. On the morning of 3 February 1931, the air 'had grown still and oppressive' and the sea was 'so calm and still' and a 'most peculiar colour', so much that everyone was talking about it (Wright, 2001). Initially, women and children were to be sent while the men were expected to stay and help out (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). Botanical Gardens and other Napier gardens, Marine Parade Outfall and Viewing Platform, Marewa Shopping Centre Safety Improvements, Tamatea/Parklands Controlled Water Area (CWA), Te Puawaitanga – Green Communities Together Fund, Support for homeowners affected by COVID-19, District Plan Review Discussion Documents. The cities that were worst effected included Napier and Hastings. In the early 'thirties the whole country was in the grip of the Depression, with many people on the East Coast of the North Island affected by falling prices for agricultural exports. Shortly after 10.45am on Tuesday the 3rd February 1931 an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale struck the Hawke's Bay area on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. In Napier and Hastings food depots operated dispensing free meals (McGregor, 1998). This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Transcript. government agencies. Portions of the information and material on this site, including data, pages, documents, online On 17 February, a moratorium was placed on the rebuilding of any business premises until further notice, in order to allow time for the rational planning of a new CBD for Napier (McGregor, 1998). Many of the deaths were caused by fallen parapets and ornamental features as people rushed out through the doorways onto the street (McGregor, 1998). The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). The official death toll was 256. accurate and up to date, Napier City Council shall not be liable for any loss suffered through the use, directly or indirectly, of information on this website. Able-bodied men were required to stay to help with searches, demolition and clean-up work. Surface deformation accompanying the earthquake resulted in a >90 km long, 17 km wide asymmetric dome trending northeast and extending from southwest of Hastings to northeast of the Mohaka River … Meanwhile, fires started in two chemist shops on Hastings Street - those of W.R. Henderson and A. Hobson. Alvin looks at old sea shells that were once underwater before being uplifted during the 1931 Napier earthquake. A tanker at sea felt a violent vibration, and the seamen on board looked to the shore to see Napier covered by a cloud of rising dust. A Government loan of £10,000 provided for the building of 32 temporary business premises in Clive Square and 22 professional offices in Memorial Square (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). From these shops the fire spread into adjoining buildings, and by mid afternoon, the town was completely ablaze. Fires were everywhere" (NZH 6/2/1931 quoted in Wright, 2001:77). Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand This is an e… Nevertheless, it gave me a feeling of insecurity and a peculiar sickening sensation which must be experienced to be understood. The official death toll for the Hawke’s Bay earthquake is 256 (161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, two in Wairoa). Napier's 1931 earthquake caused widespread devastation and left thousands of quake refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was safe to return. Starting from the morning when the quake hit, the following entries provide facts, personal memories and photos. Just better. By March 1932, nineteen new shops in Hastings Street and Tennyson Street were ready for occupation. Then, half a minute of calm and another violent shock with a downward movement, and more swaying and rocking (McGregor, 1998). The setting up of emergency services was greatly assisted by seamen from HMS Veronica, moored at West Quay at the time of the earthquake. 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake. The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). Ten days later, a huge 7.3 aftershock caused more damage. This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). Gwen worked as a cashier at Griffith's Shoe Shop in Hastings and was killed there by falling masonry in the earthquake on 03 February 1931. On 4 February a planned evacuation began. (closes 28 February 2021), Public Notice of Application Resource Consent, Rates Remission for flood affected ratepayers. The noise was compared to that of 'an express train' (Wright, 2001). Veronica was later installed. Among the buildings destroyed were Napier’s Anglican cathedral, public library and nurses’ home, where clerical staff and off-duty nurses died. Commander H. L. Morgan was informed on the King’s Birthday, June 3rd 1931, that he had been made a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, in recognition of his services at the Napier earthquake. Erected by the Fletcher Construction Company, and popularly referred to as Tin Town, the extensive corrugated iron complex opened on 16 March 1931. Having been impressed by a coloured fountain in Bournemouth, menswear retailer Tom Parker donated a similar one which was completed in December 1936. It was over in a few moments and I climbed back to the concrete. Top: A view showing the cleared site of the well-known Masonic Hotel. It also has one of the most photographed tourist attractions in the country, a statue on Marine Parade called Pania of the Reef . Although some businesses had already re-established themselves, there was a real concern that hasty reconstruction would result in shoddy buildings and that the urgent clearing of debris might be hindered. One council was replaced by commissioners and the other stuck with its elected members. A special reporter sent by the New Zealand Herald on the day of the earthquake reached Napier at night to find "a city of the dead, except for the glow of a land fire, and the lights of ships" (NZH quoted in Wright, 2001:83). 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