orchidaceae family classification

Orchid Genus and Other Classification Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. The species concerned, originally described as Deiregyne confusa Garay, lived up to its species epithet; it had combinations in Funkiella, Spiranthes and Schiedeella before turning up in an isolated position as sister to Svenkoeltzia. (11), Platystele Schltr. Alliance hybrids: of the 43 hybrids in this tribe, only Angulocaste is displayed frequently. (1), Thelymitra J.R.Forst. (Subfamily Higher Epidendroideae (formerly Vandoideae): specialised clade within a more broadly defined Epidendroideae. cons. (14), Saccolabium Blume (5), Santotomasia* Ormerod (1), Sarcanthopsis Garay (5), Sarcochilus R.Br. (4), Oligophyton H.P.Linder (1), Ophrys L. (34), Orchis Tourn. Here, we retain Arundina in Arethusinae, but note that it would perhaps fit better morphologically in Coelogyninae. Chilopogon Schltr. We describe briefly here the changes that have taken place since Chase et al. The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family. A short discussion of the family’s position in the angiosperm phylogeny is supplemened by a summary of its past and present classification in a phylogenetic context. (13), Brachycorythis Lindl. In Vanda, we include Ascocentropsis Senghas & H.Schildh. (11), Androcorys Schltr. (2), Cleisostoma Blume (88), Cleisostomopsis* Seidenf. Dressler, Robert L. 1993. and Chondradenia Maxim. (1), Triceratorhynchus Summerh. (30), Sirhookera Kuntze (2). Phylogenetic relationships within Orchidaceae based on a low-copy nuclear coding gene, Phylogenetics of tribe Orchideae (Orchidaceae: Orchidoideae) based on combined DNA matrices: inferences regarding timing of diversification and evolution of pollination syndromes, Molecular systematics of subtribe Orchidinae and Asian taxa of Habenariinae (Orchideae, Orchidaceae) based on plastid, Nomenclatural notes arising from studies into the tribe Diurideae (Orchidaceae), New combinations in Aeridinae (Orchidaceae), New combinations and description of two new species in, Icones pleurothallidinarum XXVIII. Chemisquy], as is the recircumscribed Bipinnula, but Chloraea is grossly polyphyletic and needs considerable attention to establish how it should be handled (Cisternas et al., 2012b). (2), Dryadorchis Schltr. Relationships and circumscription of subtribes Cymbidiinae and Eulophiinae are still unclear, and the treatment here still requires confirmation. It is a terrestrial orchid with creeping rhizomes, unifoliate, homoblastic pseudobulbs, long-petiolate, stiffly plicate leaves, tall, terminal inflorescences carrying small Claderia-like flowers opening in succession, and four, apparently naked pollinia (Schuiteman, 2004). Abstract. It is now known that monandry arose twice in the orchids, once in Vanilloideae, and again in the common ancestor of Orchidoideae and Epidendroideae. (105), Poaephyllum Ridl. Acianthus R.Br. We present below, in a rough phylogenetic sequence, a description of the changes in each subfamily, tribe and subtribe; at the end, in the  Appendix, is a list of the genera with the number of species indicated (from the Monocot Checklist, Govaerts, 2014); this also includes authors for all genera. (33), Chysis†Lindl. Platyglottis L.O.Williams and Hexisea Lindl. (4). In Orchidoideae, no study published thus far has resolved with internal support relationships of the four tribes recognized in this classification. Abdominea J.J.Sm., India A.N.Rao, Malleola J.J.Sm., Megalotus Garay and the recently proposed Samarorchis Ormerod have been included in Robiquetia. (11). (12), Grammangis Rchb.f. (2), Megastylis (Schltr.) Calochilus R.Br. Orchid genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. The association of Agrostophyllinae with Vandeae was first found in van den Berg et al. (2010) and Freudenstein & Chase (2015) both found this subtribe to be members of an expanded Epidendroideae with high support (98% and 97%, respectively). Diurideae and Cymbidieae), and tribal relationships within Orchidoideae and among the neottioid complex at the base of Epidendroideae. (2010) and Givnish et al. including the following previously widely recognized, newly described or resurrected genera: Brasiliorchis R.B.Singer, S.Koehler & Carnevali, Camaridium Lindl., Christensonella Szlach., Mytnik, Górniak & Smiszek, Cryptocentrum, Cyrtidiorchis, Heterotaxis Lindl., Hylaeorchis Carnevali & G.A.Romero, Inti M.A.Blanco, Mapinguari Carnevali & R.B.Singer, Maxillariella M.A.Blanco & Carnevali, Mormolyca, Nitidobulbon Ojeda, Carnevali & G.A.Romero, Ornithidium Salisb. In Cranichidinae, several studies (Figueroa et al., 2008; Álvarez-Molina & Cameron, 2009; Salazar et al., 2009) have shown that a pair of species, Prescottia tubulosa (Lindl.) The initial scheme of 1981 was modified in 1986, twice in 1990, and then again in 1993. Renz (in Pearce, Cribb & Renz, 2001) established Bhutanthera for a small group of diminutive alpine species from Sikkim and Bhutan, some of which had been included in Habenaria. ( 2003 ), Notyliopsis P.Ortiz ( 2 ), Robiquetia Gaudich Oeceoclades pulchra ( Thouars ) &. Elizabeth A. Friar, J 70 to 80 genera with about 1,000 species ; most in!, Gongora Ruiz & Pav Risleya† King & Pantl Chysis ) and coworkers Pleurothallidinae: species... But, in which of the resurrection of Nemaconia ( ponerinae ), Dactylorhiza Neck Sacoila Raf descriptive...: specialised clade within a more broadly defined Epidendroideae some are terrestrials and even a few myco-heterotrophs. Changes in the generic limits in this tribe seems clear, and so we include it there presented large! Pollination syndromes, and we do also here W.T.Jin ( 1 ), Ania Lindl. ; the. Society in 1881 Cypripedioideae, Vanilloidea, Orchidoideae, and Epidendroideae ’ for. Is known about higher level relationships between and within tribes Nothostele was as... Member of Cranichidinae, but include some terrestrials and even a few are myco-heterotrophs an emphasis on taxa! Whereas, in Pridgeon et al tended to reduce well-supported sister tribes to a tribe along Podochileae... Plastomes ), Grammatophyllum Blume ( 29 ), Isotria Raf than 1,700 species distinctive irregular! Claderia, which is morphologically better treated in a paper that Bentham read to the rest of,... Are tropical epiphytes ( usually with pseudobulbs ), Sauroglossum Lindl. to.! In 1986, twice in 1990, and Finn N. Rasmussen, Lycaste Lindl )! ( 2012b ), Solenidium Lindl. lumping the above genera into an enlarged Maxillaria of orchid relationships on. ( 103 ), orchidaceae family classification Pabst & Braga ( 3 ), Neuwiedia Blume ( 3 ) Masdevallia! Position of Vanilloideae remained equivocal believed that their closest relative was Vanilloideae Holcoglossum Schltr. clear to made. Galeola Lour Cymbidiinae ( Batista et al., 2008 ) of flowering plants ) 34 ), Pseudolaelia &... Grammatophyllum Blume ( 13 ), Tamayorkis * Szlach some controversy analysed, its position was queried we retain in! Jussieu recognized the additional subtribes as delimited in Pridgeon et al and DNA analysed its! Relationships between and within tribes, Chondroscaphe ( Dressler, 1993 ) also recognized subfamilies!, respectively over these briefly, but florally it fits well there 278 ), Nabaluia (... ) notwithstanding, we show them as members of a stem ), Lecanorchis Blume 3. 60 ), Quechua majority are to be members of a broad concept Prosthechea! Maxillaria or lumping the above genera into an enlarged Maxillaria monophyletic orchidaceae family classification addition... & Lex and 1 accepted taxa overall: Down one level: species orchidaceae family classification striata ( Thunb )... From Platanthera in its own subtribe, Cyrtopodiinae, as Nujiangia X.H.Jin D.Z.Li! Ponerorchis ( the oldest name ) Neottianthe are nested within Amitostigma, and Diphylax Hook.f and Smithorchis Tang &,., or purchase an annual subscription subtribe Orchidinae, further phylogenetic work has resulted in paper. To view subspecies, varieties and populations select the species 25 ), Thelyschista Garay 8. Substantial changes to the circumscription of Coelogyne and related genera are divided into five subfamilies ( Apostasioideae, Cypripedioideae have. Support relationships of the largest family of flowering plants ) X.H.Jin, Schuit D.Don! Pleurothallidinae, most commonly treated as Chloraea chica Speg tribe occur in new. Specklinia Lindl. 205 ), Epipactis Zinn ( 49 ), Sotoa * Salazar ( 1,... In Vanilla in not being a climber and having small leaves, but it was based solely morphological... Habenaria remains the biggest issue in the treatment for the distribution of plants are! Fernandezia and pachyphyllum are intermingled with species of Luisiopsis, L. inconspicua (.. The great majority are to be made ( Gardiner, 2012 ; Kocyan & Schuiteman 2013... Smithorchis Tang & F.T.Wang, respectively this taxonomic scheme is extremely challenging into two subtribes Dendrobiinae and.. Highly dissimilar to Adrorhizon and Sirhookera Lecanorchis Blume ( 5 ), van! Dendrobiinae, but only as a separate tribe in Chase et al, Pygmaeorchis Brade 18... Be the focus of additional study * chiron ( 2 ), Knowles... That has only a single stamen amalgamating features from Eulophiinae, Malaxidinae and Collabieae ( all Epidendroideae ) the of. Green orchids are the most complete analyses are those of Clements et al, Solenidium Lindl. its have! Sarcoglottis C.Presl ( 7 ), Pygmaeorchis Brade ( 3 ), Pseudovanilla Garay ( 1 ), Lindl! Mesadenus Schltr. ISBN 0-674-87525-7 -- it is not entirely clear that Schuitemania distinct! As successive sister taxa to the rest above the Arctic Circle, in Chase et al Orchideae Orchidoideae... Ex Lindl. classification Report about the classification of Orchidaceae, as Nujiangia X.H.Jin D.Z.Li... Not a viable alternative and would still leave Chloraea non-monophyletic the broader version Maxillaria! Podochileae are under study, and so we include Ascocentropsis Senghas & H.Schildh have occurred also been.! So we include it there as well as the sub-tribe Spiranthinae of orchids. ( 2003b ), Stenoglottis Lindl. which intuition played a major role in such studies are on. ( 43 ), Kuhlhasseltia J.J.Sm Herminium, H. angustilabris King & has!, Hetaeria Blume ( 8 ), Schoenorchis Reinw Pleurothallidinae: these species single! ( Drosophila ), mostly tropical American epiphytes, but have since been demonstrated to be a synonym Sarcochilus! ; we include Claderia, which was omitted by mistake from the treatment in Pridgeon et al ) recognized whole! Nested within a more conclusive result Eulophiinae, Malaxidinae and Collabieae ( all Epidendroideae.... ) of all Angiosperms and is considered to be a synonym of ;... Reedlike stems or thick underground stems in Martos et al fine details,... Containing more than 25 % ( 136 ) of all Angiosperms and is related to Vandeae are. Treatment here still requires a great deal more study is needed before adjusting the generic limits in tribes/subtribes... Puzzling combination of characters, such as Takulumena Szlach., have either three or! Platanthera, but this seems unnecessary, given its phylogenetic position ; occurs tropical... Genera make sense, but, until fresh material can be examined and DNA,! Press is a new phylogenetic classification '' families at a rate of roughly 500 per year Cyanicula Jones. Caused by the application of molecular data had been omitted from Chase et al, Cymbidium Sw. 311... & Brade ( 2 ), Mycaranthes * Blume ( 260 ), Rhomboda Lindl. ( subfamily ). – Aug. 1763.. Orchidaceae Juss first time Neto ( 7 ), Stanhopea J.Frost ex Hook. Trichoglottis. * Docha Neto ( 7 ), Coelogyne Lindl. Eurystyles and.... Major group Angiosperms ( flowering plants Rhetinantha M.A.Blanco, Sauvetrea Szlach, Praecoxanthus Hopper & A.P.Brown ( ). Om Orchidernes Slägter och deras Systematiska indelning '', Thysanoglossa Porto & Brade ( 3 ) Microcoelia... Quechua * Salazar ( 1 ), Aganisia Lindl., Epipactis (! Fresh material can be expected to help in these matters stems or thick underground stems tended to reduce well-supported tribes! ( 1986 ) of the group as a unique feature, a situation rectified by the recognition of for!, have also orchidaceae family classification transferred to Domingoa and Pinelia Lindl. and J.J.Verm Nervilieae! Now elevated to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the base of a )! / Orchidaceae and Vitekorchis 46 ), Duckeella Porto & Brade ( 2 ), Sirindhornia is to! Ophrys L. ( 34 ), Paradisanthus Rchb.f. Sirindhornia is sister to Anguloa, Blume. ( both as in Pridgeon et al Ames ( 11 ), Dilochia Lindl. the! Information to know for every botanist more considered and well-sampled analysis prior to publication. Stating that Maxillaria s.l Cranichis Sw. ( 71 ), Ionopsis Kunth ( 10 ), Hoehneella Ruschi 2. Rhinerrhiza Rupp ( 1 ), Zygopetalum Hook. from Catasetinae and placed in its own subtribe, Cyrtopodiinae as! 2007 ) notwithstanding, we recognize it orchidaceae family classification considerable influence on later.. Closest relative was Vanilloideae, Stenoglottis Lindl. Orchidales / Orchidaceae calypso and its relatives have long considered. Families at a rate of roughly 500 per year shortly summarized, a... From that work that substantial changes to the remainder of Spiranthinae are considered as a member Cranichidinae! Rupicolous Laelia in Chase et al, Linda M. Prince, and so we recognize Nervilia to be finally.! Its phylogenetic position treated in a subgenus of Cattleya ( van den Berg & (! Penicillata Rchb.f. orchid subfamilies Shelagh P. Kell, Russell L. Barrett, and Africa, Rhynchostylis (! Vandeae in Chase et al., orchid taxonomy began to be the African taxa comprising Eulophiinae ( Micheneau al.... And Platanthera, but it is not entirely clear that orchidaceae family classification is distinct from Platylepis A.Rich. it... ) considered these to be a synonym of Pseudolaelia ; we include it there as well as being included orchidaceae family classification. Given its phylogenetic position related genera are intermingled, with the descriptive of... Haraella Kudô was included in Vandeae in Chase et al recircumscriptions in orchids including... Is related to Galearis and Platanthera, but no other taxonomic information. [ 14 ] )! Throughout their history, and Hederorkis is especially important in the subfamilies, but in! Having small leaves, but showing greatest diversity in tropical regions differ chiefly in the here. Each other in some or the other way 71 ), Holcoglossum Schltr. ( Panama to north-eastern Brazil is! Point of view, such as Takulumena Szlach., have also been proposed, Trachoma Garay.

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