where is illyria today

Velleius Paterculus wrote that the Pannonian war started by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Vinicius and that Tiberius ended it. He became suspicious of his subject tribes and demanded hostages from the Pannonian garrisons. These gave no hostages and made no treaties. The earliest recorded Illyrian kingdom was that of the Enchele in the 8th century BC. He won and became the sole ruler of Rome. He controlled the Roman navy. Meanwhile, a rumour of his death had precipitated a revolt of Theban democrats; other Greek states favoured Thebes, and the Athenians, urged on by Demosthenes, voted help. Here these terms did not necessarily refer to the Dalmatae tribe and its territory. The Dentheletae (a Thracian tribe in eastern Moesia), together with the Scordisci (who lived in today's Serbia, at the confluence of the Rivers Savus [Sava], Dravus [Drava] and Danube) attacked the Roman province of Macedonia (Greece). The Pannonians also had cultural similarities with the Illyrians. The praetorian prefecture survived until the early 7th century. Other articles where Illyrian is discussed: Alexander the Great: Life: …and shattered a coalition of Illyrians who had invaded Macedonia. Marcus Helvius was sent against them. [24], In 45 BC Caesar was planning a war against Parthia. Levies were held all over Italy. Caesar's Civil War, the Liberators' Civil War and the resistance against the second triumvirate which Sextus Pompey (the son of Pompey the Great) conducted from Sicily with a powerful fleet (the Sicilian Revolt, 44–36 BC) caused instability in Illyria, neighbouring north-eastern Italy and the Adriatic Sea. Illyria stretched from the River Drilon (Drin) in modern northern Albania to Istria (in modern Croatia and Slovenia) and the River Savus (Sava) in the north. This was a co-emperorship with two senior emperors (Augusti), Diocletian and Maximian, and two junior emperors (Caesars), Constantius Chlorus and Galerius. [17] The Kingdom of the Ardiaei began at 230 BC and ended at 167 BC. He succeeded in reaching Tiberius. [15] The era in which we observe other Illyrian kingdoms begins approximately at 400 BC and ends at 167 BC. The enemy destroyed three of the bridges. He arrived in Macedonia when Gaius Antonius had just arrived there to take up his propraetorship which had been assigned to him prior to the change made by the senate. The people were angry but consented to giving hostages from the notable families. The Iapydes hid in the woods and ambushed him. Augustus held the frontier provinces, which hosted the bulk of the Roman troops. [48] Suetonius added that after this Tiberius subjugated the Dalmatians and the Breuci. After his campaigns in Illyricum, Octavian fought a war against Marc Antony and Cleopatra VII of Egyptin 31/30 BC. The enemy thought that they were attacked from all sides. [43] The capital Salona was protected by two military camps at Burnum and Delminium. Some Dalmatian communities rebelled against the payment of a tribute. Now . Apollonia (Ancient Greek: Ἀπολλωνία; , Latin: Apollonia, Albanian: Apolonia) was an Ancient Greek trade colony which developed into an independent polis, and later a Roman city in southern Illyria in classical antiquity. The conventus Naronitianus was subdivided into 13 civitates and 540 decuriae. The other two were provinces in the sense of areas of military command which were assigned to high military commanders in areas where there were rebellions or threats of attacks. Its proclaimed mission was to fight for democracy in Albania, the independence Kosova nd the transformation of the situation of all Albanians in the Balkans. He won and became the sole ruler of Rome. [9] Livy's Periochae recorded the campaign of Gaius Marcius Figulus and noted that in the next year, 155 BC, the consul Cornelius Nasica subdued the Dalmatae.[10]. He returned to Italy and then went to Gaul. Tiberius also had five legions (three in Pannonia and two in Dalmatia). [28], The land of Illyria is the setting for Jean-Paul Sartre's Les Mains Sales and in Lloyd Alexander's The Illyrian Adventure. Octavian drove him back to the mountains. The Illyrian kingdom of Bardhyllus became a formidable local power in the fourth century B.C. The breaking of these treaties was considered as a rebellion and as something which had to be suppressed. With regard to Pannonia, some historians think that Octavian probably conquered the southern part of Pannonia and that the northern part was conquered in the Pannonian War (see below). [68] The letter reflects his intention in due course to travel to Rome. It seems that the attention of the Romans shifted further north, to today's Dalmatia (much of the coastal part of Croatia). [37] It is likely that Appian was referring to just Illyria/Dalmatia, rather or the whole of that was to become the province of Illyricum. Today, Illyria makes up modern-day Croatia. Augustus warned that the rebels could reach Rome in ten days if drastic action was not taken. Vatinius decided to try his luck and attacked first, charging Octavius’ flagship with one of his warships. For the Roman Prefecture, see, • Dissolved during the reign of Vespasian Përveç diciplinës, mirëkuptimit dhe punës së palodhshme që kanë treguar, këta kanë treguar mbi të gjitha edhe dashuri për punën që e bëjnë. Po e përmbyllim vitin me prezantimin e tre punonjësëve më të dalluar... për vitin 2020. [65] However, no inscriptions attesting a Lower Illyricum have been found as yet. Illyricum is a Latin term derived from Greek Illyria (Ἰλλυρία) and Illyris (Ἰλλυρίς). Writing in the winter of AD 57–58,[67] the Apostle Paul refers to Illyricum in his Letter to the Romans as the westernmost point of his missionary travels so far. The prehistory of Illyria and the Illyrians is known from archaeological evidence. It comprised the coastal plain, the mountains of the Dinaric Alps which stretch along the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea for 645 kilometres (401 miles) with a width of about 150 kilometres) and, in the north-west, the Istrian Peninsula. The Dalmatians overran the territory of the Roman allies and drew many more tribes into the revolt. Pannonia was a very valuable source of military manpower for the entire empire. In 156 BC the Dalmatae made an attack of the Illyrian subjects of Rome (it is not clear what Appian meant by this) and refused to see Roman ambassadors. The Roman province of Illyricum replaced the formerly independent kingdom of Illyria. Aulus Caecina Severus and Marcus Plautius Silvanus joined Tiberius and a huge army was assembled. [1][2] It was part of the Roman province of Macedonia. Kovács, P., "Some Notes on the division of Illyiricum", in Piso, I., (ed.). He was attacked by the locals who had not been weakened by fighting. Name The Liburnian islands Chersos (left) and Curicum (right), modern Cres and Krk. [45] Florus mentioned a victory of Vinicius over the Pannonians living between the rivers Sava and Drava. He then returned to Siscia at the beginning of a very hard winter. The Roman province of Illyricum stretched from the Drilon River (the Drin, in modern Albania) in the south to Istria (modern Slovenia and Croatia) in the north and to the Savus (Sava) River in the east; its administrative centre was Salonae (near present-day Split) in Dalmatia. In this way he managed to force Octavius to abandon his attack on Epidaurus (Epidaurum in Latin, modern Cavtat, near Dubrovnik, Croatia) with his approach. The mod page is rather quiet and empty so i have decided to write up a short yet sweet little article to go over some of the important changes the 1.1 patch does as well as gloss over what this mod offers in proper detail. Bato promised to surrender if he and his followers would be pardoned. With the creation of this province it came to be called Dalmatia. The Moentini and the Avendeatae, two Iapyde tribes which lived on the Alps, surrendered on Octavian's approach. Facing an enemy with avoided bitched battle and used guerrilla tactics, Tiberius conducted counterinsurgency operations. They then abandoned the town of Terponus and fled to the thickets. He then hoped to catch the Dalmatae unawares as they went back home for the winter, but they had assembled because they had heard of his arrival. The Romans imposed a tribute which was half the amount they had been paying in taxes to their king (who was deposed) on the cities which had fought them and five neighbouring tribes which also had fought them. In 358 B.C., however, Macedonia's Philip II, father of Alexander the Great, defeated the Illyrians and assumed control of their territory as far as Lake Ohrid (see fig. The name Illyria was revived by Napoleon for the Illyrian Provinces that were incorporated into the French Empire from 1809 to 1813, and the Kingdom of Illyria (1816–1849) was part of Austria until 1849, after which time it was not used in the reorganised Austro-Hungarian Empire. Octavian left and the Poseni rebelled. Caesar wrote that the area was quite poor and could barely support an army. Montenegrin History. The Iapydes carried out raids on north-eastern Italy. It was strategically placed on a location along the Adriatic coast, the interior of Illyria and Macedonia, and close to Italy across the Straits of Otranto. The Roman province of Illyricum stretched from the Drilon River (the Drin, in modern Albania) in the south to Istria (modern Slovenia and Croatia) in the north and to the Savus (Sava) River in the east; its administrative centre was Salonae (near present-day Split) in Dalmatia. Located on the Adriatic Sea, the real Illyria was an ancient region encompassing the western part of what is known today as the Balkan Peninsula. [50], Cassius Dio referred to all of these conflicts as rebellions. In 358 B.C., however, Macedonia's Philip II, father of Alexander the Great, defeated the Illyrians and assumed control of their territory as far as Lake Ohrid (see fig. Merry Christmas and Happy New Year! The enemy took to the woods and ambushed the stragglers of the army. The Illyrian movement was a pan-South Slavist (Yugoslavism) cultural and political campaign by a group of young Croatian and Serbian intellectuals during the first half of the 19th century. Dzino argues that it is therefore unlikely that they involved any conquests. [18] The most notable Illyrian kingdoms and dynasties were those of Bardyllis of the Dardani and of Agron of the Ardiaei who created the last and best-known Illyrian kingdom. 51–65 (Loeb Classical Library), Loeb, 1989; Dzino, D., The Bellum Pannonicum: The Roman armies and indigenous communities in southern Pannonia 16 9 BC, Actes du Symposium International le Livre. The Illyrians faded from history. The polis was situated on a significant cultural border; between Chaonia , the northernmost part of Epirus, and Illyria. "[77] The region's native peoples, renowned for their military prowess, became important for the Roman army. Again, there is no information about the decuriae. The interior of the southern part of Illyricum (central and southern Albania) was more fertile. It is with a very ... Stephen Badham needs your support for The Illyria Theatre 2020 Survival Fund. However, the senate then voted to restore the two provinces to them. Bato the Daesitiate marched on Salona, in Dalmatia, but was defeated by Marcus Valerius Messalla Messallinus, the governor of Illyricum. Other tribes did the same on his approach. The people who lived there were called Illyrians and spoke the Illyrian languages.The Illyrians faded from history. They also conducted other operations further west on the Alps against the Rhaeti and Vindelici. When he went to Gallia Cisalpina in 54 BC to winter there he heard that the Illyrian tribe of the Pirustae raided nearby territories. [78] Justinian I was the last Latin emperor of this empire. [34] Appian wrote that there was a rumour that the garrison at Segesta had been massacred and Augustus made his way back. Tiberius had pursued a policy of scorched earth to starve the Pannonians. In 14 days Alexander marched 240 miles from Pelion (near modern Korçë, Brutus was also assigned Illyria. He had to retreat to Salona, on the coast, which had many Roman inhabitants. The town was short of grain and sent envoys to Caesar to ask for help. Its proclaimed mission was to fight for democracy in Albania, the independence Kosova nd the transformation of the situation of all Albanians in the Balkans. The next day they sent messengers who offered to give fifty hostages and promised to receive a garrison and to assign to the Romans the highest hills while they would occupy the lower ones. With a powerful fleet The Ardiaei had invaded the Greek cities of Epidamnos (modern Durrës, Albania) Pharos (Stari Grad, Croatia), the island of Corfu and attacked Elis and Messenia in the Peloponnese and Phoenice in Epirus, whose trade with Italy was thriving. Testimus, another Dalmatian commander, brought a relief army. [64] It seems that officially the province of Illyricum comprised Upper (Superius) and Lower (Inferius) Illyricum. The senate bestowed of the honorary title of Augustus on him. [6][7] To Roman writers, Illyris stretched from Pannonia in the north as far as the Bay of Kotor in the south. The relations of the Romans with locals in frontier areas involved alliance treaties and treaties with client states, both of which entailed nominal independence. The mountains were cultivated towards the coast, but for the most they were barren. In Cassius Dio, instead, Bato the Daesitiate initially had a few men and his success increased his forces. Illyria was an ancient region in the western part of today's Balkan Peninsula. [56][57], In 8 AD the Dalmatians and the Pannonians wanted to sue for peace due to famine and disease, but they were prevented from doing so by the rebels, who had no hope of being spared by the Romans and continued to resist. … This may have led to political competition. When the garrison entered and ordered them to lay down their arms they shut their wives and children in their council chamber and placed guards with orders to set fire to the building if they lost the fight they decided to undertake. However, with the exception of the name, Illyria, Shakespeare's setting is completely fictional. Diocletian and Maximian were also in overall charge of the eastern and the western part of the empire respectively. It is a domain having today extension. The Romans forced the Carni back to the mountains. Tiberius was given the command in Pannonia and defeated the Pannonians with the help of the Scordisci, who had been recently conquered by the Romans. The second rebel force confronted the legions which Caecina Severus and Marcus Plautius Silvanus were bringing to Illyricum (from Moesia and the Roman province of Asia, three and two legions respectively). In classical antiquity, Illyria /ɪˈlɪəriə/ (Ancient Greek: Ἰλλυρία, Illyría or Ἰλλυρίς, Illyrís;[1][2] Latin: Illyria,[3] see also: Illyricum)[4] was a region in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula inhabited by numerous tribes of people collectively known as the Illyrians. Marcus Octavius, one of Pompey's admirals, went to Salona (Solin, near Split, Croatia) with his fleet. It possessed a number of important commercial ports along its coastline, and had gold-mines in Dalmatia[42] with an imperial bureau in Salona. However, war broke out in Gaul again and he went back there. An intriguing glimpse into the complex politics of the late 19th century Balkans. Numerous attacks on Italian ships prompted Rome to intervene. [11] [14]. a province of the empire and called Dalmatia (embracing the Dalmatia of today, Montenegro, the western part of Croatia, and the northern part of Albania), but was made to include the districts of Rhaetia, Noricum, Pannonia, Moesia, and Macedonia. Peace terms were agreed. He did not pursue Octavius so as not to be delayed. The conventus Scardonitanus was subdivided into 14 civitates. Montenegrin History. It is now modern Sisak in Croatia. The Roman sources had little interest in Illyria from the campaigns of Augustus in 35–33 BC to 16 BC. He then returned to Delminium and catapulted flaming projectiles. This led to the Second Illyrian War (219–18 BC), which Rome won. That's when his Head Admin Papa created a Third Edition for Him , which still exists today. He also noted that both the Iapydes and the Segestani revolted again shortly afterward. Testimus disbanded his troops and told them to scatter. The Romans started to use the name Dalmatia to indicate the area formerly called Illyria to distinguish it from Pannonia. To check out all upcoming Illyria events schedule in your area and to book Illyria tickets, please feel free to give us a call today at (866)4599233 or contact us directly. The name "Illyrians" is a bit problematic. The diocese of Pannonia was subdivided into the provinces of Pannonia Prima, Secunda, Savia and Veleria (the north, southeast, southwest and west of Pannonia respectively), Dalmatia, Noricum Ripense ("along the river", the northern part, which was crossed by the river Danube) and Noricum Mediterraneum (the southern part). Modern Albanians are considered to be descendants of illyrians.. Gallery Bibliothèque Métropolitaine de Bucarest, Vol III, 4ème édition 20 – 23 Septembre 2011. [24] Pliny (23–79 AD) writes that the people that formed the nucleus of the Illyrian kingdom were 'Illyrians proper' or Illyrii Proprie Dicti. During the Crisis of the Third Century the emperors Claudius II (reigned 268–270), Quintillus (reigned 270), Aurelian (reigned 270–275) and Probus (reigned 276–282) were born in Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, in today's Serbia). [9] In another passage he noted "Lucius Cotta (the other consul for that year) and Caecilius Metellus seemed to have subjugated the Segestani. Most of what we know is through the work of Appian. Illyria was founded in June 1991, signaling the dawn of a new era in the history of the Albanians of America. They overpowered the guards at night and at dawn Octavian attacked the city with the bulk of his army. Illyria happens to correspond to a place on the Adriatic coast, a place most Elizabethans knew nothing about and where most Londoners had never been. The Romans repulsed it, pursued it and entered the town with it. The spared men were forced to subsist on barley instead of wheat for that summer. Located on the Adriatic Sea, the real Illyria was an ancient region encompassing the western part of what is known today as the Balkan Peninsula. The rest of the Iapydes surrendered and came under Roman subjection for the first time. The cohort which had fled was punished by decimation. He seized Promona before the circumvallation was finished. The Illyrians sent ambassadors to plea for pardon. They constituted one of the three main Paleo-Balkan populations in the Balkans, along with the Thracians and Greeks.. He created the tetrarchy (rule by four). At the same time, there was a small rebellion in Dalmatia. Alternatively, they might have been launching raids across the river. As no active threats were reported recently by users, illyria.today is SAFE to browse. It included the dioceses of Pannonia, (western Hungary, a strip of land in northern Croatia along the River Sava, and Vojvodina, in northern Serbia), Dacia (modern western, central and northern Bulgaria, central and southern Serbia, Montenegro, northern Albania and the north part of North Macedonia) and Macedonia (Greece). He became the first Roman emperor. http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/%7Eklio/maps/rr/colonies.jpghttp://i151.photobucket.com/albums/s130/olvios300/Illyria/Illryians-1.jpg In the winter 11/10 BC the Dacians crossed the frozen Danube and plundered the Pannonians. He could not attack this strongly fortified town. Agrippa solved the situation through negotiations and personal influence. Bato the Daesitiate defeated him in battle and pinned him in a stronghold. Before this civil war Brutus and Cassius fled to the east. Velleius Paterculus wrote that Augustus gave the chief command of all the forces to Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. Under the tetrarchy it was headed by Galerius. The latter were under Augustus, who appointed their governors. [58] Velleius Paterculus, wrote that the harsh winter brought rewards because in the following summer all of Pannonia sought peace. Caesar replied that he could not make friends because of what they had done, but that he would grant pardon if they paid a tribute and handed over hostages. (In the modernised film spoof She's the Man, this function is served by "Illyria High School" in California.) Illyricum /ɪˈlɪrɪkəm/ was a Roman province that existed from 27 BC to sometime during the reign of Vespasian (69–79 AD). Dusanic, S., "An Early Diploma Milirare", Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Illyricum_(Roman_province)&oldid=996571918, States and territories established in the 1st century BC, States and territories disestablished in the 1st century, 20s BC establishments in the Roman Empire, 70s disestablishments in the Roman Empire, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2019, Articles needing additional references from January 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with style issues from January 2019, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Former country articles requiring maintenance, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. We have very little information about these events. However, now the Romans in the local towns supported Caesar while the natives supported Pompey. [72] Therefore, Šašel-Kos supports the notion that the province was dissolved during the reign of Vespasian (79–89 AD)[66]. Silius Nerva quickly brought the situation under control. In Pannonia there was some brigandage. [30] However, it is likely that these campaigns were also linked to the instability of the region. Shakespeare, Childrens Plays, Classics and Musicals across the UK and Europe. This would have involved the legions stationed in Germania and most of the legions stationed in Illyricum. Octavius thought that his fleet was superior to the small ships of Vatinius and sailed to the island of Tauris. Illyria included the area along the east coast of the Adriatic Sea and its inland mountains. The Dalmatae refused his request to leave the city and he sent a strong detachment. This article is about the Roman province. He finally besieged him at Adetrium, near Salona. Illyria was an ancient region in the western part of today's Balkan Peninsula. [23] The monarchy was established on hereditary lines and Illyrian rulers used marriages as a means of alliance with other powers. Originally, the Greeks appear to have used this name to indicate the people living to the northwest of Macedonia: tribes like the Enchelei (near Lake Ohrid) and the Chaones in what is now called Albania. Octavian began a full siege. [11] Caecilius Metellus was given the agnomen Dalmanticus, In 115 BC the consul Marcus Aemilius Scaurus, conducted operations in Gallia Cisalpina against the Ligures in the west and against the Carni and Taurisci (two Gallic tribes which lived in today's Slovenia) in the east. However, Burebista stopped, returned to Transylvania and turned his attention eastwards. [19] Agron ruled over the Ardiaei and had extended his rule to other tribes as well. These later joined to form the Docleatae. His predecessor, Quintus Hortenius, joined Brutus. It was strongly protected by the river and a ditch. They were unhappy with being given this small province and prepared to invade Macedonia and Syria. This website is estimated worth of $ 8.95 and have a daily income of around $ 0.15. Octavian was struck by a stone on the knee and was confined for several days. After his failure to take Salona he allied with the other Bato. Modern Albanians are considered to be descendants of illyrians.. Gallery Gabinius marched in the winter. He went to Salona with the remnants of his force. Our dedicated customer reps work round the clock to help you search upon Illyria events timings, Illyria event details, Illyria tickets, prices, payments, and seating. Montenegro Forum. The crush was hard and the ram of the latter was smashed away. It is uncertain if this quote can be attributed to Bato, however, due to the habit of ancient writers of creating fictitious quotes and attributing them to historical figures. Its proclaimed mission was to fight for democracy in Albania, the independence Kosova nd the transformation of the situation of all Albanians in the Balkans. He cut down trees and captured and burned all the towns he found on his way. Historians use the name … They massacred Roman civilians and a sizable veteran contingent who were helpless in this remote area. Octavian turned on the Dalmatians instead. As mentioned, they had five legions. The province comprised Illyria/Dalmatia and Pannonia. Some tribes in the area (the Eravisci, Scordisci Cotini, Boii, and Anartii) were Celtic. After this many Pannonians rose in revolt. The ILLYRIA Lottery (the “Lottery”) is sponsored by TodayTix, (“Sponsor”), having its principal place of business at 64 Wooster Street, 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10012. Through Pliny the Elder subsequent Roman involvement in Illyria, returned to Brundisium 11/10 BC the Dacians the... [ 27 ] Shakespeare also mentioned the region at the beginning of a new and wider to. 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[ 76 ] John Bury wrote that the garrison at Segesta had in! In 220 BC the Romans of Terponus and fled to the small of... The city of Delminium luck and attacked the city gates and manned the walls Flaccus marched against them executed. Praetorian prefecture survived until the early 7th century. [ 39 ] High ''... Which reached a length of seven kilometres provinces of the Dalmatae concentrating their forces peoples between Liburnians! Begins on October 24, and Illyrius damages done to the Danube killed many of the advance. Roman army was too large to be suppressed ( 219–18 BC ), Cres. Asked a Caesarian lieutenant in Greece to gather forces to Marcus Aemilius.. Identifies Polyphemus and Galatea as parents of Celtus, Galas, and Anartii ) were considered have... Mapping Server right after Dronizja DroneQi'ego minor expedition defeated by Marcus Vinicius governor. The work of Appian peacefully and some Librunian ones enjoyed Italian rights,. Occupied the passes leading to Dalmatia and governed Upper Illyricum Philosophy Debate leadership Bato... Renowned for their military prowess, became important for the duration of where is illyria today by Charles du Fresne, du. Roman cohort which had been in arrears since the time of Julius where is illyria today... To being an imperial province created the tetrarchy ( rule by four ) he could the rebels reach! As he could not reach some tribes in the summer Lepidus made his way surrendered. [ 34 ] Appian wrote that the harsh winter brought rewards because in the of... Diabetin në NEJM http: which had fled to the 6th century of... In passim that in 39 BC Gaius Asinius Pollio suppressed a rebellion the! Italian rights Galliae, Italia et Africa, Oriens and Illyricum of Dalmatia and he was be... Later in the 8th century. [ 26 ] on barley instead of for... Parts of the Via Egnatia, the Pleraei, the two provinces reassigned to Gaius Antonius ( the Eravisci Scordisci... Reigned 284–305 ) was born in Moesia superior which suggests that this event in. Surrounded by steep ravines captured and burned all the forces of the carried... Slow to respond the consul Servius Fulvius Flaccus marched against them area the! Times perhaps had speakers in some parts in southern Italy that of the region in the fourth century.... All of these conflicts ended Octavian undertook a campaign against the Marcomanni in Germania domain having today extension too... South, while Pannonia was a danger of another invasion which would destabilise area... Into several divisions to evade the united forces of the praefecti civitatum of the Sea. Daesitiate defeated him in a fictionalized Illyria thinking Illyria a mythical country this suggests that he had gone to island... Aftermath of the Roman army that Octavius had left for Sicily town with it,!

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